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Best Career Options after 12th Science 2024

Best Career Options after 12th Science: Ever wondered why choose a science degree? For some science enthusiasts, engineering or medicine isn’t the only path, despite societal stereotypes. These students are passionate about uncovering the mysteries of science and exploring its causes. For them, it’s a greater purpose than following the crowd into engineering or medicine.

If you find yourself relating to the scenario above, you might wonder why pursuing higher education in pure sciences could be deeply fulfilling for you. In light of students like you, we aim to highlight the importance of understanding the reasons, methods, and necessary insights before embarking on a journey in science after completing class 12th. Top 7 Emerging Careers For Science Students.

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What Do You Understand By Science?

According to recent research, early Mars was covered in ice sheets, not flowing rivers. Isn’t that fascinating? But that’s just a tiny piece of the vast amount of knowledge still hidden in the world. Science has only begun to uncover the many mysterious principles that govern our universe. While students of applied sciences focus on solving specific problems we face today, successful scientists are often driven by the pure joy of discovery. This passion for uncovering new knowledge is what makes their work so exciting.

In India, higher education programs in the science stream are typically categorized into two main groups across most universities:


This age-old classification holds no true meaning now that the research is becoming interdisciplinary. This divides pure science courses into a cocktail of life sciences, mainly biology and chemistry, or physical science, primarily physics and maths.  

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Courses like B.Sc Life Sciences and B.Sc Physical Sciences are highly developed and well-regarded. However, they are not the only options. You can also choose to pursue honors courses, such as B.Sc Hons. in physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, agriculture, and other biology-related fields. It is important to realize that the knowledge you gain during your studies is more important than the title of your degree.

How To Choose The Right Science Course?

Everyone has a favourite subject in class 12th out of biology, mathematics, physics or chemistry and the more inclination we have towards a subject our choices. The second factor that shapes our choice is the scope after completing the degree. What field you see yourself working in, be it a lab or an office, an NGO or a government department, deeply affects your choice, and of course, you like to pursue it.

However, there’s no need to worry even if you initially choose the wrong course, as it’s often possible to switch to another field or course relatively easily.

Reasons to Study Abroad

  • Science education abroad would be an excellent choice if the student has financial sponsorship. And if you are looking for scholarships, then a great CV, impeccable percentage, and great SAT score would be a great idea. 
  • Apart from low fees, one of the primary reasons for selecting a study abroad option is the quality of education. Another positive point of studying abroad is that students do not have to choose a stream right after class 12th; they can take diverse courses and select a major later on in the program. 

Career Options after 12th Science

After an education in the sciences, there are various career options—for instance, jobs as a teacher, professor, academic, researcher, and more. To gain more in-depth knowledge, visit our article about in-demand career options for science students. 

Some people believe that not doing well in competitive exams like JEE and NEET is the end of their careers. But it is not true; not doing well in these exams does not end the rail of opportunities for you. The point is before selecting any course, be it science or art, know every prospect about it. Opportunities never stop; they come in diverse forms every day, and we should know how to make the most of that situation.

Career Options after 12th Science


It is a well-paying job that is respected in the medical industry. The importance of medical professionals has been brought to light by the pandemic’s start. In medicine, you could pursue careers as a doctor, specialist, surgeon, nurse, or dentist.


For science students, the aviation industry is one of the most promising career fields. They may work for private or public airlines. The candidate must undergo intensive training after passing a medical examination and completing their 12th grade with PCM (Physics, Math, and Chemistry) as their courses.


In a pharmacy course, students Study the various methods for administering medications. The learner is also taught about the substances that make up various drugs. students might learn how medications are created. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to advise on health services since they will grasp how doctors’ prescriptions work. In fact, you can examine the use of specific pharmaceuticals and chemicals. To work as a pharmacist, you must complete your bachelor’s degree.

Forensic Science

Science is a promising and popular career choice after 12th grade. Experts in forensic science assist criminal investigations and other related operations by gathering and analysing evidence. Most forensic scientists who operate in labs collaborate with law enforcement agents at crime scenes. A student can pursue various degrees in the field, such as an MSc in Cyber Forensics, a BSc in Forensic Science, a Postgraduate Diploma in Victimology and Victim Assistance, and many others, including a Forensic Medicine diploma.

Data Science

Data scientists explore data using statistics and analytics. Additionally, they develop models for data clustering, forecasting, and categorization. Furthermore, data scientists frequently create original codes to store and analyse structured and unstructured data. Also, they may detect patterns that enhance decision-making by corporate management. As the corporate environment continues to grow, organisations require data scientist expertise, making data science one of the best career options after 12th-grade science.


A microbiologist has many opportunities after 12th science in the fields, including environmental microbiologists, industrial microbiologists, research assistants, clinical and veterinary microbiologists, and more.


Metrology is an earth science sub-discipline in which the professional is responsible for thoroughly investigating the weather. The professions are classified into four categories.

Nautical Science

Nautical Science encompasses both academic and practical knowledge and abilities. This course covers the management and navigation of goods from origin to destination.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which professions are the highest paying in the science stream?

Commercial pilots, Nuclear engineers, Medical professionals, and psychologists are some of the highest-paying professions in the science stream.

Which is the best job in the science stream?

1. Data Science
2. Software Development.
3. Doctor

What can we do after taking the science stream?


How do I decide about my career?

Below we have mentioned an organized process that will increase your chances of making a good decision.
Assess Yourself.
Make a List of Occupations to Explore.
Explore the Occupations on Your List.
Conduct Informational Interviews.
Make Your Career Choice.
Identify Your Goals.
Write a Career Action Plan.

What is the scope of the science stream?

Many career options are available for 12th-passed science students in Science. To build a great career, you must have a graduation degree. The best part of the science stream is that students can switch to other careers, i.e. arts, humanities or even commerce.

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