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Is BDS equal to MBBS? Choosing MBBS or BDS can confuse candidates as they are not overly aware of their differences. Questions like which is better, MBBS or BDS? Which programme is advantageous? Is MBBS or BDS equivalent? Arise makes the whole process of choosing a course difficult because of insufficient information. MBBS is regarded as the most prestigious profession, followed by BDS. MBBS covers all the medical fields, whereas BDS only focus on dentistry. Readers will learn about the difference between MBBS and BDS, as well as the course duration, colleges, admission procedure, and more, through this article.

Difference Between MBBS and BDS

The most compared medical courses are MBBS or BDS, so here is an overview of the Comparison between BDS and MBBS :

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RMGOE Common Form 4
Full FormBachelor of Surgery, Bachelor of MedicineBachelor of Dental Surgery.
Exam Conducted ByNTANTA
Entrance ExamNEETNEET
Course Duration 4.5yr + 1yr4yr + 1yr

BDS Course

BDS is a popular name for the degree in bachelor of dental surgery. In India, BDS is the most popular degree programme for those who want to pursue a career in dentistry after high school. Dental students who complete the programme care for their patient’s oral hygiene.


After high school, one of the most promising job alternatives in the medical field is the Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS). It is a thoughtfully constructed undergraduate programme that, in terms of medical education, is equal to the MBBS. All students enrolling in this course to pursue a career are given the necessary training to understand the basics of dentures, dental issues, and surgery. The duration of BDS courses is 5- 6 years, the same as that of MBBS programmes.

Course Duration

The BDS program spans five years of undergraduate study, leading to a degree. These five years are structured into four years dedicated to theoretical learning and one year dedicated to a rotational internship, providing students with practical, hands-on experience.

BDS Career Option

Dentists, Dental surgeons, endodontics, Oral and Maxillofacial pathologists, Oral surgeons, orthodontics, pedodontics and more.

No. of Seats and Colleges

There is a huge difference between no. of seats and applicants in Indian medical colleges. Here is the list of no. of seats and colleges for BDS in India:

Total no. of Seats 27,000+
Total no. of Colleges300+


Bachelor of Surgery, Bachelor of Medicine, or MBBS, is a frequent abbreviation. Its Latin name, Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae, is where the name MBBS was first used. One of India’s most popular ways to become a doctor of modern medicine is to complete the MBBS programme, which is the country’s main undergraduate medical programme.


The MBBS programme is the most difficult and highly sought-after undergraduate medical programme in India for students in Class 12 Science (PCB). Aspirants who want to become doctors in India now recognise that MBBS is the finest path. To become a doctor of contemporary medicine, you must complete the MBBS programme. The colleges accredited by the National Medical Council (NMC) will offer admission to the MBBS programme.

Course Duration

Aspiring doctors can pursue an undergraduate medical degree, MBBS. This program spans 5.5 years and comprises 4.5 years of theoretical instruction followed by a mandatory one-year internship to gain practical experience.

Aspirants are required to participate in a variety of hospital ward training sessions throughout their MBBS internship. Aspirants used to have practical applications for their academic knowledge during this time.

MBBS Career Options

Specialist Doctor, Physician, Surgeon, Medical Professor, Lecturer, Research Scientist and many others.

No. of Seats and Colleges

There is a huge difference between no. of seats and applicants in Indian medical colleges. Here is the list of no. of seats and colleges for MBBS in India:

Total no. of Seats92793+
Total no. of Colleges612+

Admission Procedure of MBBS and BDS

Prospective students need to register separately for counselling for both MBBS and BDS programs since the processes for each are distinct. Admission to medical and dental universities across the country is granted based on application details, merit lists, and the counselling process.

QualificationStudents must get a minimum of 50% in aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in their 12th grade to be eligible for BDS or MBBS admission in India. For students in the reserved category, the minimum is 40%.
Entrance Exam A single entrance exam called the National Eligibility  Entrance Test (NEET) is used to admit students to the MBBS and BDS programmes.

Top 10 Colleges of BDS and MBBS

Every student dreams of getting admission to top medical colleges so here is the list of top MBBS and BDS colleges:

NIRF Rank (2022)MBBSNIRF ScoreNIRF Rank (2022)BDSNIRF Score
1.All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi91.601Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences82.30
2.Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research79.002Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal77.28
3.Christian Medical College72.843Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth76.67
4.National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Bangalore71.564Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences70.48
5.Banaras Hindu University68.125King George`s Medical University69.13
6.Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education & Research
6A.B.Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences68.38
7.Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences67.187Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore67.48
8.Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham66.498SRM Dental College66.12
9.Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram65.179Govt. Dental College, Nagpur64.20
10.Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
10Siksha `O` Anusandhan62.13


The medical field has two branches: MBBS and BDS. The MBBS name is for Bachelor of Surgery, Bachelor of Medicine, and BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery degree and is related to dental problems especially. Both are very important in the medical sector; it depends on “what you choose to study.” Compared to the MBBS NEET cutoff, the BDS NEET cutoff is lower.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is a BDS degree a good option?

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) is one of the most promising career options in the medical industry after class 12th. It is a well-designed undergraduate program equivalent to the MBBS in the medical education field.

Is BDS less than MBBS?

BDS programme takes five years, whereas MBBS takes 5.5 years to complete. BDS degree is awarded to students quite earlier compared to the MBBS degree.

Which is easier BDS or MBBS?

Both are equally difficult and easy. BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery, meaning the graduate will be a dentist. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Surgery, Bachelor of Medicine, meaning the graduate will be a surgeon.

What is the career scope of BDS?

After completing BDS, candidates will be hired by the medical college, hospitals, nursing homes, health corporations, health ministries, and back office medical consultancy. One can also open a dental clinic or work as a dentist in government and private hospitals.

What is the career scope of MBBS?

After completing MBBS, candidates can work in defence services, hospital chains, research and academics, and hospital management or open their own clinic.

Read Also:

MBBS Vs BDS SalaryBest career options after BDS
7 Reasons why BDS is better than MBBSList of Top 30 Dental College in India by NIRF
Top 10 reasons to be a doctorTop medical colleges that enroll middle class
Is it good to do MBBS from Abroad?10 tips on how to choose a medical college
Study Abroad- improving self-confidenceHow to study abroad without NEET?
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